The Importance of Web Security
Web security is the practice of protecting a website or web application via detecting and identifying as well as preventing any cyber threats from causing damage or loss. The goal is to ensure that the site remains accessible and secure, especially for business or personal use, without losing confidential data or compromising users’ experience.
The massive importance of the internet for modern businesses has made web security critical to the success of any organization. It’s the first line of defense against attacks that can lead to data breaches, costly ransom payments, reputational harm, compliance violations and more.
Unlike other security solutions that protect against malware, web security protects websites and applications from all types of cyberattacks. This includes malicious traffic from hackers and other external threats, as well as internal risks like insider threats, privileged user abuse and misconfigurations. Web security also enables organizations to comply with regulatory requirements, reduce risk and increase business efficiency.
As attackers have evolved, so have the tactics they use to target websites. There are a number of different techniques that can be used to attack a website, such as SQL injections, backdoor shells, remote file inclusion and other web attacks. Once an attacker gains access to a website, they can take control of the site and its contents, steal information, and spread malware. The best way to protect against these attacks is to install a Web Application Firewall (WAF) that can detect and block malicious traffic before it hits the website.
In addition, web security solutions should include SSL/TLS to encrypt information and prevent it from being intercepted. This can help to protect against a range of attacks, including denial-of-service attacks, which involve flooding servers with fake requests in an attempt to exhaust their resources and shut down the site. Additionally, they should provide single sign-on to streamline the authentication process, so that only authorized users can access sensitive or private information.
The web security solution’s location between a web user and the internet gives it granular visibility into application-level traffic. This allows administrators to define rules that allow approved traffic to pass, while blocking anything else. This can be particularly effective against threats such as Magecart, which skim credit card details from payment processors by exploiting vulnerabilities in third-party tools. Lastly, web security solutions should include a URL filtering component to block known-bad URLs that cybercriminals use in phishing campaigns or to deliver malware.